XML-RPC is a protocol designed for WordPress to standardize communication between different systems, allowing external applications (such as other blogging platforms and desktop clients) to interact with WordPress. This feature has been a part of WordPress since its early days, enabling seamless integration with the rest of the online world.
However, the xmlrpc.php file, which is responsible for implementing the XML-RPC protocol in WordPress, has its drawbacks. It can introduce vulnerabilities to your WordPress site and has now been largely replaced by the more advanced and secure WordPress REST API, which also facilitates communication between WordPress and other applications.
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